Current approaches to managing for climate change

While it is important to set new, innovative directions for how the region can plan for a changing climate, it’s also important to acknowledge the current management actions and learn from current and past practices. For example, many current management actions have helped natural assets become more resilient to existing threats, including climate change.

In many cases this will continue to be the most appropriate management approach, however there is a need to look for ways to assist how the region can adapt to climate change and not just be resilient. The following section explores how we, as a region, currently promote and implement both adaptation and mitigation approaches to climate change.

Adaptation

The region has many examples of climate change adaptation projects, with many focusing on ensuring the region is more resilient to climate change. Examples include managing environmental flows of some of the region’s more stressed waterways, protecting and enhancing vulnerable wetlands on the Victorian Volcanic Plains and dune stabilisation works along the region’s coastline to cope to rising sea levels.

There is a need to build on these resilient approaches, while at the same time embracing both transitional and transformational forms of management. Table 1 presents examples of regional projects that are assisting the region to adapt to climate change. Some of these are concerned with resilience building, and some will enable transitions, and ultimately some transformation.

Table 1: Regional examples of climate adaptation projects

Stakeholder

Name of project

Adaptation type

Objectives

Method

Further information

Corangamite CMA

 

The Victorian Volcanic Plains and Western District Lakes Recovery Program

Resilience

Promote financial incentives combined with community engagement and capacity building programs to deliver conservation outcomes in high priority asset areas. These assets include:

• Western District Lakes Ramsar sites

• EPBC listed species and EPBC listed ecological communities, including wetlands, woodlands and grasslands.

The project utilises a tender based approach to deliver targeted incentive funding to public and private land managers.

Land managers establish their own price for the management services they are prepared to offer to improve their native vegetation. This price forms the basis of their bid which is compared with the bids from all other participating land managers. Successful bids are those that offer the best value for money.

www.ccma.vic.gov.au

 

Corangamite CMA

Coastal Saltmarsh Protection Project

Resilience

Promote financial incentives combined with community engagement and capacity building programs to deliver conservation outcomes in high priority asset areas. These assets include:

• areas of Coastal Saltmarsh

• known habitat sites of the Orange-bellied Parrot

The project utilises a tender based approach to deliver targeted incentive funding to public and private land managers.

Land managers establish their own price for the management services they are prepared to offer to improve their coastal saltmarsh. This price forms the basis of their bid which is compared with the bids from all other participating land managers. Successful bids are those that offer the best value for money.

www.ccma.vic.gov.au

 

City of Greater Geelong/ Borough of Queenscliff

 

Geelong-Queenscliffe Coastal Adaptation Program

Resilience/ Transition

The program has three key phases:

- Modelling sea level rise

- Identifying and assessing risks

- Developing adaptation solutions

The project’s main aim is to improve the capacity of the two Councils to use climate assessment information in conjunction with coastal hazard data to assess risk.

Determining risk will allow NRM planners to formulate appropriate adaptation responses in terms of planning, asset management and conservation of environmentally sensitive areas.

www.geelongaustralia.com.au

 

Corangamite CMA

Moorabool Environmental Water Management Plan

(Moorabool River Environmental Entitlement 2010)

Barwon River Environmental Entitlement 2011

Transition

To improve the Moorabool Rivers flow-dependent ecological values and services through the provision of environmental water.

The Corangamite CMA has a statutory role under the Water Act to manage environmental water entitlements to achieve ecological outcomes with the use of environmental water. Annual Seasonal Watering Plans are developed to deliver environmental water and consider seasonal and climatic impacts.

www.ccma.vic.gov.au

 

Wannon Water/ Corangamite CMA

Improving Environmental Flows in the Gellibrand River

 

Transition

Assess a preferred water supply augmentation option and

implementation process to improve critical flows in the Gellibrand River through the summer low flow period.

 

Assess augmentation options to better understand the supply security benefits and the change in demand for water. Quantify the environmental benefits of maintaining summer base flows to levels below the recommendations in the assessment of environmental flow requirements.

www.depi.vic.gov.au/water/governing-water-resources/sustainable-water-strategies/western-region-sustainable-water-strategy

 

 

Mitigation

The region also has many examples of projects that promote carbon mitigation. Most projects have focused on carbon sequestration, however, there is an increasing shift towards other mitigation practices such as those that reduce emissions. Many past and current projects have operated on a trial basis. This, combined with an unclear carbon market, has led to uncertainty for land managers and private landholders. Examples of regional NRM projects that are promoting carbon mitigation are provided in Table 2.

Table 2: Regional examples of climate mitigation projects

Stakeholder

Name of project

Carbon sequestration type

Objectives

Method

Further information

Corangamite CMA

Corangamite Carbon Capture Recovery Project

Remnant vegetation enhancement/ revegetation

Prioritise sites based on carbon sequestration potential, landscape context and other NRM benefits

The project utilises a tender based approach to deliver targeted incentive funding to public and private land managers

Land managers establish their own price for the management services they are prepared to offer to undertake works. This price forms the basis of their bid which is compared with the bids from all other participating land managers. Successful bids are those that offer the best value for money

Land managers undertaking revegetation activities in this project also have the opportunity to participate in the Australian Government’s Carbon Farming Initiative (CFI). Landholders receive a figure of estimated carbon sequestration in which they can use as a starting point to enter the carbon market

www.ccma.vic.gov.au

 

City of Greater Geelong

City of Greater Geelong Urban Forest Strategy 2015-2025

Revegetation

  1. ‘Green the City’ through increased numbers of tree planting
  1. ‘Cool the City’ through strategic tree planting.
  1. Engage the community and build regional partnerships
  1. Promoting ‘best practice’ urban tree management

1. Plant out 45,000 vacant nature strips and plant 500 additional advanced trees per annum

2. Increase canopy cover to 25% leading to reduced temperatures, increase shade and reduced energy use

3. Improve community involvement, educate the community and strengthening key tree planting partnerships

4. Improve tree planting consistency across Council, have structurally sound and healthy trees and encourage appropriate species and age diversity of trees

www.geelongaustralia.com.au

 

Corangamite CMA

The Distribution and Abundance of ‘Blue Carbon’ within Corangamite

(completed 2015)

Blue carbon

  1. Determine the distribution and abundance of blue carbon within the region (coastal)
  1. Prioritise areas of blue carbon for conservation
  1. Provide regional recommendations for managing areas of blue carbon
  1. Provide recommendations for further blue carbon research

To quantify and characterise the carbon sequestration capacity of blue carbon habitats across the region, a combination of geospatial analysis and sediment carbon content analyses was done.

This provided carbon ‘hotspot’ modelling for the region.

www.ccma.vic.gov.au